– ROMANIA TRAVEL GUIDE –
National capital: Bucharest
Population: 22,215,421 people
Area: 238,391 square kilometers
Romania is a unique country, mainly associated with castles and hiking the vampire trail, located in the southeastern corner of Europe. The country has a turbulent past, mainly due to the dictatorial rule of Ceausescu. The dictator left behind many monumental buildings, especially in Bucharest, where you can admire, for example, the gigantic parliament building. Romania is also home to religious monuments, the painted monasteries in the Neamt region, as well as the wooden churches in Marmarsh, 8 of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
-Romania travel guide –
Romania’s capital, is an unusual city in that it owes its current appearance to the somewhat crazy ideas of Ceaușescu, the Romanian president and dictator. In 1977, the city was hit by a massive earthquake that destroyed most of the buildings in its central area. It was then that Ceaușescu decided to rebuild Bucharest along the lines of Paris. Thus, for example, Bulevardul Unirii, the main artery leading to the huge Parliament building, was modeled after the Champs Elysees. Bucharest is not only a vestige of Ceaușescu. The city has a charming old town, an interesting open-air museum or numerous very nice parks. The Romanian capital also has no shortage of bars or clubs where you can drink good beer and party in cool nightclubs.
Located in the center of the country, in Transylvania, it was founded in 1211 by the Teutonic Knights. Its interesting combination of Gothic, Baroque and Renaissance architecture makes it one of Romania’s most visited cities. During the Middle Ages, the city was located on trade routes and thus became rich very quickly. Hence its other names: the German Kronstadt and the Latin Corona, meaning city of the crown. Brasov’s most interesting monument is the Black Church, a beautiful Gothic building towering over the city. It was named after the great fire of 1689, when flames turned its walls black. Inside there are stained glass windows, balconies, Turkish carpets and a huge organ. Brasov’s fortifications, mostly built between 1400 and 1650, are impressive. In the Braşov area you can also visit Bran Castle, mistakenly thought to be the castle of Vlad the Impaler, and ski at the Poiana Braşov ski resort.
A unique attraction that draws botanists, naturalists and nature watchers from all over Europe is the Danube Delta. At the end of its long journey through Europe, the Danube creates a veritable kingdom of waters and a landscape of unparalleled beauty. Considered a biosphere reserve, the Danube Delta is one of the most visited UNESCO sites in Romania. The winding course of the river merges into a network of canals and lakes guarded by sand dunes covered with centuries-old oaks and subtropical lianas, creating stunning landscapes. We recommend trying a boat trip through the thousands of canals, which is sure to be a wonderful experience. The Delta is inhabited by many species of birds, animals and insects, some of which can only be found here.
The Carpathian Mountains offer the most beautiful landscapes in Romania. Their geological mosaic is expressed through spectacular gorges, caves, waterfalls and mountain peaks. The Carpathian Mountains offer many opportunities for a great summer vacation: climbing, hiking and other mountain sports on the rocks, hunting in the forests and fishing in the rivers. The picturesque Danube Gorge and the famous Iron Gates are places not to be missed on a trip through the country.
Located on the Black Sea coast, its history dates back 2,500 years. This ancient city is now Romania’s largest seaport. Legend has it that the mythical Greek hero Jason landed here. The fact is that Constanta was founded in the 6th century BC by Greek settlers from Miletos, and was originally named Tomis. It is Romania’s third largest city and a popular seaside resort. The city has the remains of Roman baths along with interesting mosaics. Attractions include the Grand Mosque with its huge Persian carpet and 50-meter minaret, and a casino. Worth seeing are the ruins of the Greek city of Histria, the oldest Greek settlement in Romania, a dozen kilometers from the city. Remains of the temple of Zeus, Aphrodite, baths and other public buildings are preserved here. Also nearby is Lake Sinoe, a real paradise for birdwatchers – there are as many as 267 species here!
The city, located in northern Transylvania, is one of Romania’s most beautiful cities. The buildings are dominated by Gothic: narrow streets and soaring towers, but you can also find elements of the Renaissance, Art Nouveau or Baroque. The center of the city has grown up around two connected squares, the Large and the Small; they form, in a sense, a double market. The city fortifications are worth seeing: they originally consisted of 39 defensive towers and 4 gates. Tourists also enjoy visiting Brukenthal Palace in Sibiu is home to Romania’s oldest art museum.
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