– ITALY TRAVEL GUIDE –
National capital: Rome
Population: 60,418,711 people
Area: 301,230 square kilometers
Language: Italian, Sardinian, Friulian
Italy certainly has what you are looking for. It is a country that everyone who has the opportunity should visit at least once in their lifetime. From the impressive Alps in the north of the country to sunny Sicily, the country is filled with amazing sights, delicious cuisine, and beautiful views.
-Italy travel guide –
Rome, once the capital of the Roman Empire, is today the seat of government and the capital of Italy. Located in the central part of the country, in the Lazio region, Rome is a sprawling and complex city that is both historic and modern in character. Rome is divided into several districts, with the Colosseo district at its center, containing the most ancient attractions such as the Colosseum amphitheater, the Forum Augusta, Capitoline Hill and the Roman Forum, the impressive ruins of the former center. To the north, meanwhile, is the district with the Pantheon, magnificent cathedrals, piazzas and Renaissance architecture. The Vatican is a place well known for St. Peter’s Basilica, the Apostolic Palace and the Sistine Chapel. Also worth mentioning are the Trevi Fountain, the Spanish Steps and the fortress of Castel Sant’Angelo, which offers a breathtaking view of the entire city.
-Italy travel guide –
Venice is one of the top destinations while in Italy. It is a unique city because it is built on a beautiful lagoon surrounded by the Adriatic Sea. Located in northeastern Italy, Venice is an archipelago of 118 islands connected by hundreds of beautiful bridges and picturesque canals. Of all of them, the most famous is the Grand Canal, which divides the city in two. Picturesque waterways and historic architecture make Venice one of the most romantic cities in the world. It is well worth a visit to see its magnificent monuments, such as St. Mark’s Square and Basilica, the Doge’s Palace and the Rialto Bridge. One of the most popular attractions located in Venice is a gondola ride along the Grand Canal.
The capital of Tuscany, Florence is often described as a vast open-air museum because of its wealth of art and architectural treasures. Considered the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance, it has been home to many artists, inventors, writers, scientists and explorers. Florence’s wealth of masterpieces can be found throughout the city, in its many museums, magnificent churches such as Santa Maria del Fiore and internationally recognized art galleries such as Ufizzi and Pitti Palace. Piazza della Signoria, the main square, is a cluster of beautiful buildings and world-famous sculptures such as Cellini’s Perseus with Medusa’s head, Ammannati’s Fountain of Neptune and Michelangelo’s statue of David, as well as the Ponte Vecchio, a beautiful bridge that crosses the Arno River and is home to many jewelry stores.
The Leaning Tower of Pisa, which is part of the cathedral next door, is a famous Italian monument and is an important item on the UNESCO World Heritage List, which also includes the cathedral itself, the baptistery and the Camposanto Monumentale cemetery. Every year it attracts thousands of tourists, who try with all their might to outdo each other in a contest for an original photo. Surrounding the famous monument is one of Italy’s most beautiful squares – Campo dei Miracoli, or Field of Miracles.
Pompeii is one of the most visited tourist destinations in Italy, located near Naples. It is a famous Roman city that was buried under a layer of volcanic ash for nearly 1,700 years after the catastrophic eruption of Mount Vesuvius. Excavations at Pompeii began in 1748, and the site has yet to be completely unearthed. Tourists can walk along the ancient streets to see the remains of stores, bars, bakeries, brothels, public houses, baths and apartments, as well as buildings that served as commercial and religious centers. Some of the most notable buildings are the Amphitheater, the Forum, the Temple of Apollo and the Basilica, and the Granary Market, which contains a large number of artifacts and plaster casts of people and dogs who died during the disaster.
Naples, is the capital of the Campania region in southern Italy. Because it is close to famous sites such as the Bay of Naples and Pompeii, Naples is an ideal base for exploring the area. Naples itself is home to one of the world’s greatest historical centers. It has a huge concentration of monuments, baroque churches and Roman ruins. Naples’ main attractions include the Piazza del Plebiscito, the royal palace, the Capodimonte Museum and the National Archaeological Museum, which displays a magnificent collection of art and artifacts excavated from the ruins of Pompeii.
Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, lying just off the southern tip of Italy in the narrow Strait of Messina. It is often cited as the best place in Italy to spend a vacation. Due to its location, it has long functioned as a crossroads of the sea, so it is very different from the rest of the country in terms of history, culture and cuisine. This guarantees tourists an amazing experience when visiting local restaurants.
In addition, Sicily is rich in wonderful tourist attractions and architectural monuments found throughout the island. It has earned seven UNESCO World Heritage sites, including three for ancient attractions, two for natural wonders and two for architectural treasures.
Milan is located in the northwestern part of Italy, in the Lombardy region, near the Alps and the picturesque Lake District. Milan is constantly visited by thousands of tourists each year. For those who are interested in design and fashion (not to mention shopping), it is a true paradise on earth. After all, Milan is considered the fashion capital of the world! Milan was the home and workplace of many celebrities, i.e. Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Verdi, Enrico Caruso, Toscanini or designer Giorgio Armani. The Duomo di Milano is Milan’s mighty cathedral, which is one of the most magnificent churches in the world and the best example of the architectural style – Flamboyant Gothic. It is definitely the main tourist attraction in this city. Other attractions include the world’s most prestigious opera house, La Scala, or Da Vinci’s Last Supper, which fills the walls of the monastery at Santa Maria delle Grazie.
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